From BRITAIN about THE MIDDLE EAST

“Working in the Middle East, it was clear that there were many established systems of hierarchy – both family politics (where organisationally junior people will overrule much senior people on the basis of family prestige), and social/racial hierarchies about what nationalities are suitable for different roles in organisations. In particular, when going through a list of roles for recruitment, the local manager commenting that a particular person would have to be Egyptian, Pilipino, British, and so on.”